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2013 : The Science Collection

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Around the World in Four Days: Chelyabinsk Meteor Plume
Model and satellite data show that four days after the bolide explosion, the faster, higher portion of the plume (red) had snaked its way entirely around the northern hemisphere and back to Chelyabinsk, Russia. (Ozone Mapping Profiling Suite instrument's Limb Profiler )
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Tracking dust across the Atlantic
The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite, or VIIRS, on the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite captured these images of a Saharan dust storm on July 31 and August 1-2, 2013. Each image is a composite of three adjacent satellite passes. (Ozone Mapping Profiling Suite instrument's Limb Profiler )
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Sulfur Dioxide Emissions Over the U.S. From the Kliuchevskoi, Russia, Volcano Eruption
The image shows elevated levels of sulfur dioxide, or SO2, gas over the Eastern United States on October 23, 2013. These SO2 gas levels originated from an eruption of Kliuchevskoi volcano (Kamchatka, Eastern Russia), October 15-20. The volcano emitted SO2 into the jet stream winds in the upper troposphere, which transported the gas rapidly east over the United States.
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Ocean Chlorophyll Concentrations (Northern Hemisphere)
This image shows season-long composites of ocean chlorophyll concentrations derived from visible radiometric measurements made by the VIIRS instrument on Suomi NPP. The date ranges are included. This false-colored image makes the data stand out. The purple and blue colors represent lower chlorophyll concentrations. The oranges and reds represent higher chlorophyll concentrations. These differences in color indicate areas with lesser or greater phytoplankton biomass. Credit: NASA/Suomi NPP/Norman Kuring
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Ocean Chlorophyll Concentrations (Southern Hemisphere)
This image shows season-long composites of ocean chlorophyll concentrations derived from visible radiometric measurements made by the VIIRS instrument on Suomi NPP. The date ranges are included. This false-colored image makes the data stand out. The purple and blue colors represent lower chlorophyll concentrations. The oranges and reds represent higher chlorophyll concentrations. These differences in color indicate areas with lesser or greater phytoplankton biomass. Credit: NASA/Suomi NPP/Norman Kuring
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Calm Skies Over Three Oceans
We live on a dynamic, restless planet. On any given day, there is usually a cyclone, tropical depression, or extra-tropical storm brewing somewhere on the Earth. But for a brief moment this week, the skies over all of the oceans were relatively calm. The image above is a composite of fourteen polar satellite passes, or swaths, stitched together from September 8, 2013. The natural-color images were acquired by the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (Suomi NPP) satellite.
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NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP Satellite Captures Hurricane Barbara at Night
The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument aboard the NASA-NOAA Suomi NPP satellite captured a nighttime image of Hurricane Barbara before it made landfall in southwestern Mexico. The image was taken on May 29 at 08:22 UTC (4:22 a.m. EDT). In the image city lights from Mexico City and Coatzacoalcos were seen to the north and east of Barbara's center.
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Fontenelle Fire in Wyoming
The VIIRS instrument on the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite captured this image showing smoke pouring out from the Fontenelle Fire in Wyoming, located just 18 miles (29 kilometers) west of Big Piney. The mid-infrared sensors on VIIRS show the red contours representing the heat from the fires. The blaze, first reported at 4 p.m. local time on June 24, still continues to burn. According to Inciweb, as of July 16 the fire had burned 64,083 acres. In the image strong southwesterly winds carried the thick smoke towards the northeast.
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New Instrument Continues Gathering Sun's Effects on the Earth
Total solar irradiance (shown in color) over the past three solar cycles since 1978 adjusted to a ground-based cryogenic instrument funded by NASA in collaboration with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Image Credit: Greg Kopp, LASP, University of Colorado / NASA
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Tropical Cyclone Amara
VIIRS infrared window channel (left) and Day-Night Band (right) imagery for tropical cyclone Amara in the South Indian Ocean at 20:45 UTC (12:45 p.m. local time) on December 22, 2013. The center of this weak cyclone is indicated by the red X in each image. The center is very difficult to locate in the infrared imagery, but is readily seen in the VIIRS Day-Night band image. The VIIRS Day-Night band provides unique data for finding the center of tropical cyclones during the night. (CREDIT: NOAA National Hurricane Center)
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Warm Sea Surface Temperatures
In this CrIS image, the orange colors represent very warm sea surface temperatures, while magenta represents both very cold temperatures, as well as high-altitude cloud tops. When all CrIS channels are used, three-dimensional views of atmospheric temperature and moisture can be produced. (CREDIT: NOAA/NASA)
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Formation of New Ice
The formation of new ice is visible in this image captured by the NOAA/NASA Suomi-NPP Satellite.
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Tropical Storm Flossie
New satellite instrument takes guesswork out of Flossie's nighttime track July 31, 2013
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